Periodization is derived from the word ‘Period’ which is a division of time into smaller, easy-to-manage segments – in this case ”Training Periods’.

Periodization is derived from the word ‘Period’ which is a division of time into smaller, easy-to-manage segments – in this case ”Training Periods’.

Specifically, periodization is the division of a yearly training plan into training phases which apply to the principles of training.

Work load and intensity of training programs is split into successive small units ranging from one week to a full year.

Each segment of training targets a specific type of training (i.e. skill, speed, strength, stamina and suppleness (the five S’s).

In football these fitness attributes need to be blended with both technical and tactical training. A well designed training program takes into account both the physiological and psychological needs of players.

To achieve maximum performance and effective training, it is the Medical Team (Physical Trainer) and the Coach’s responsibility to properly periodize and plan the training for the year or camp for the National team. The development of skills and psychological attributes should follow a logical sequence.

Our primary goal is to have our players’ fresh and in peak form during matches.

Poor preparation will normally result in poor results. Planning a successful training period is a two-way process between coaches and the medical staff in a bid to develop players to have balance between training and recovery.

In case of the national team, it is very important to monitor the players’ load when they are with their clubs in order to be able to achieve optimal individual periodization at national team camp. Inexperienced players and youth players are mostly dependent on coaches to develop these plans.

Plans should be designed using sequential approach. A well-organized plan will yield desired psychological and physiological adaptation to the player.

The duration of the phases depend heavily on the time the players need to increase training level and also the timing of the competition/game where peak performance is derived.

A annual training plan is divided into three phases, namely Preparatory, Competitive and Transition (Recovery).

The majority of training for football should be soccer-specific training.

The only purpose of non-related (general) fitness (i.e. running, cross training, etc.) is to increase a players basic fitness levels or to aid in maintaining them. This type of training is appropriate during off-season periods when players are away from regular training.

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